All About Plumbing and Materials Used

Plumbing involves any system that transfers liquids for a wide range of uses and applications. To do so, it utilizes valves, pipes, plumbing fixtures, tanks, and other devices. It can also be used for a variety of reasons, such as for heating and cooling. It is also a considerable part of waste removal. Then is the most common plumbing use we see which is portable water delivery.


Plumbing has been around for many years. It was first used for the transfer of waste and potable water delivery. It reached its highest point in Rome for these uses. With the fall of Rome, the sanitation and quality of water used in plumbing staggered for approximately one thousand years. The advancements were slow and few until the 1800s when the densely populated cities realized the benefit of developing more efficient systems of plumbing. The first pipes and fixtures were made of lead to prevent theft of the material. This was brought to an end once the health risk of was discovered. Since then, we have seen the more populated cities today move to the use of waste-water treatment plants. This allows the water to be cleaned and reused.

Different Systems

The major categories of plumbing systems or subsystems are portable cold and hot tap water supply, along with drainage and waste removal systems. Another large application of plumbing deals with fuel and gas pipes. The last one is IE heating and cooling or direct heating or cooling.


When humans first used plumbing, the materials were much more primitive. For example, the materials used included stone, clay, lead, and bamboo. These elements are no longer used today. The most commonly used materials in modern times include steel, copper, and plastic.

Steel Plumbing

Galvanized steel portable water supply along with supply pipes are commonly found with pipe sizes from 3⁄8 inch (9.5 mm) to 2 inches. This type of material is not seen often within residential and industrial projects. This kind of stuff is more on the expensive side, due to the massive use of high-end steel to make these pipes and other plumbing parts. Today in the plumbing trade, Springdale plumbers have moved away from this because it is prone to rusting on the inside and outside after about 20 years.

Copper Plumbing

Copper pipes and tubing are commonly used today for both industrial and residential projects. During the past few years, the use of copper has decreased due to an increase in the price of the metal. This created a tremendous demand for materials such as pex and stainless in recent years.

Plastic Plumbing

Plastic pipes and tubing are commonly used today for both industrial and domestic utilization. The reasons why people use this material more often than others are the price is low, and the quality is high. The first type of plastic plumbing materials we see is PVC. This is a hard plastic that is light-weight and cheap to buy. PVC is great for water transfer plumbing and air as well. It is attached with angled fittings and PVC cement. The next type of plastic plumbing products we see today is PP. The use of PP plumbing material is used for most green projects. This is due to the way they are connected. PP plumbing products are joined by heating them opposed to the use of chemical glues.

The next on our list of plastic plumbing products is PBT. This is a flexible gray or black pipe that is light-weight and cheap. It uses a barbed fitting and copper crimp rings to connect it. This type of material is also seen in our green building projects due to no chemical usage.

The last on our plastic plumbing list is PEX. PEX is a blue and red pipe that indicates hot and cold. It too is connected mechanically with barbed fittings and brass crimp rings. This type of material is excellent due to its durability, as it can freeze and expand without bursting.

Plumbing Equipment And Tools

Plumbing devices include parts often hidden behind structures or in other spaces which cannot be seen by people. It provides measurement devices for water, water filters, expansion tanks, backflow preventers, pumps, lights for UV sterilization, water softeners, heaters, gauges, and others. There are many tools a plumber needs to do any plumbing job. While many plumbing jobs can be done with simple tools, other more complicated jobs require specialized tools, designed specifically for the task. Most plumbers today will have a set of tools used for almost all situations. This list usually includes wrenches, pliers, hammers, pipe tape, and much more.


This is a helpful guide to some of the terms and materials use for most plumbing applications today. For most complex jobs it’s a good idea to hire a professional plumber. You may choose to do it yourself, and that is fine. We suggest even if you know about the job you’re doing to do some research. This can help you find the best deals on the materials you need or the best way to do the job.

In conclusion, we hope you enjoyed this article about plumbing and plumbing materials. Whenever something comes up, that’s unexpected and requires repairs its great to have some foundation knowledge. If you’re a DIY type of person, this is great for you. We all like to save some money and get the best deal we can on repairs. This article is a helpful tool for those who plan to hire a professional as well. It can give you some inside to the type of material you would like to go with and what to expect with it. Good luck with all your plumbing ventures.